August 16, 2013 | Volume 11, Number 16
Paperless HazCom?
Rural vs Urban: Which is Safer?
Robotic Manikins to Improve Respirator Fit
NHTSA Conducts Seat Belt Use Study
Summer Savings on DVDs Ending Soon
Paperless HazCom?
The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) will be conducting a pilot program that will test the feasibility and effectiveness of a paperless hazard communications system. The agency is looking for participants.

According to the Federal Register, the pilot paperless HazCom program will stress the use of e-systems while shipping hazardous materials from point of origin to final destination through various means of transportation and during shipping and emergency response simulations. During the program, current shipping paper requirements will still be followed.

The PHMSA will collaborate with law enforcement and emergency response agencies. The pilot program is approved under the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21). The PHMSA must submit a report on the pilot program to Congress by October 1, 2014.

For more information, including details on how to participate in the pilot program, download the Federal Register document.
Rural vs Urban: Which is Safer?
The risk of injury-related death was about 20 percent lower in urban areas than in the majority of rural communities in the United States, according to the Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania.

Using county-level data on injury fatalities across the country between 1999 and 2006, the research revealed that:
  • Overall, homicides are lower in rural areas than in urban communities.
  • Suicides occur more often in rural America, but only at a statistically significant rate among those aged 19 and younger.
  • Unintentional-injury deaths like vehicular crashes and falls outnumber homicides and suicides, even in urban areas.
  • Deaths from motor-vehicle related injuries are twice as likely in rural society than in most urban areas.
According to the lead author, the study challenges the common assumption that cities are more dangerous than suburban or rural areas. It is published in the Annals of Emergency Medicine.

To learn more about the study and get detailed statistics, read the UPenn press release.
Robotic Manikins to Improve Respirator Fit
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has built a new robotic manikin headform to help improve research on respirator fit evaluation.

Shaped like a human head, the advanced headform features "skin" similar in many ways to its real and human counterpart. It can perform movements of the head, as well as the lips and jaws (during speech), to simulate a respirator fit test. It was built using facial measurements of 1,013 individuals, from which developers generated five head sizes that represented 96.4 percent of the sample.

The use of the headform may help manage respirator inward leakage, in which particles enter the filter or the faceseal. It can also help enhance respirator design, advance certifications and consensus standards, and improve the level of protection. N95 filtering facepiece respirators will be the focus of the study, while "viable biological aerosols" like H1N1 influenza will be used to test inward leakage.

Visit the NIOSH blog to read more and view a video demonstration.
NHTSA Conducts Seat Belt Use Study
Drivers in the state of Washington used seat belts the most in 2012, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Washington had a 96.9 percent use rate, while South Dakota came in at the bottom with a 66.5 percent use rate.

Sixteen states, including Oregon, California, Texas and Michigan, and the District of Columbia all had 90 percent use rates or higher in 2012. Nationwide, seat belt use measured at 86 percent, up 2 percent from 2011.

New Hampshire, Massachusetts, and Arkansas are among the states with the lowest seatbelt use. The statistics range from 2005 to 2012. Download a PDF of the report.
Summer Savings on DVDs Ending Soon
While our new lower DVD prices are here to stay, the additional savings during our Summer Special are almost over. Don't miss your chance to stock your training library with some of our best-selling training DVDs!

Buy 4 DVDs, get 2 FREE! Buy 8, get 4 FREE! Buy 12, get 6 FREE! There's no limit. Offer ends 8/30/13.*

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Volume 11, Number 16
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